The Finance Ministry and the Reserve Bank have agreed to inflation rate targeting under which the apex bank will aim to lower retail inflation to 6 per cent by January 2016 and further to around 4 per cent by March next year.
The monetary policy framework agreement as signed on February 20 is to “primarily maintain price stability while keeping in mind the objective of growth”.
“The Reserve Bank will aim to bring inflation below 6 per cent by January 2016. The target of financial year 2016-17 and all subsequent years shall be four per cent with a band of (+/-) 2 per cent,” the agreement said.
While the agreement gives a free hand to the RBI Governor to decide on the monetary policy measures to achieve the inflation target, it also requires the RBI to give out to the Central Government a report in case the target is missed for a period of time.
The RBI is also required to make public every six months a document explaining the sources of inflation and the inflation forecast for the period between 6-8 months.
In the Budget, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had said a monetary policy framework would be put in place to keep inflation below 6 per cent.
“To ensure that our victory over inflation is institutionalised and hence continues, we have concluded a monetary policy framework agreement with the Reserve Bank of India. The framework objective is to keep inflation below 6 per cent and we will move to amend the RBI Act this year and provide for monetary policy committee,” he had said.
Retail inflation in January stood at 5.11 per cent.