The government plans to raise about Rs. 89,120 crore ($14.4 billion) by reducing its stakes in state-run banks to 52 per cent, the junior finance minister said on Friday, sending shares of state lenders higher.
The government holds stakes ranging from 56 per cent to 84 per cent in 24 state-run banks that account for 70 per cent of total outstanding loans of about $1 trillion or Rs. 61.92 lakh crore in Asia’s third-largest economy.
The state-run lenders are estimated to need as much as $60 billion or Rs. 3.7 lakh crore in capital over the next four years to meet upcoming global regulations and to build a buffer against rising bad loans.
While the Indian government has traditionally funded the state lenders – to the tune of about $13 billion or Rs. 80,496 crore over the past decade – it is now striving to reduce the capital injections to lower its budget deficit.
Cutting its stakes “would substantially reduce the requirement of budgetary provision for infusion of capital in public sector banks,” Jayant Sinha told Parliament in a written statement.
Bank shares, which were trading higher before the news as the market bets on an interest rate cut next week, extended gains. The index of state lenders rose as much as 5.8 per cent to its highest level in more than 3-1/2 years.
Top lender State Bank of India (SBI) rose as much as 5.3 per cent, while second-largest Bank of Baroda jumped 8.3 per cent.
Finance ministry officials say the federal cabinet is expected to take a final decision on the issue of stake sale soon. A bunch of state lenders including SBI are awaiting the government’s approval to sell shares to raise capital.
Analysts say bigger state-run banks have a better chance to raise capital from the market, but remain sceptical of smaller lenders’ ability to attract investors.
Indian state-run banks have been burdened by high bad debt levels and corporate governance issues. A central bank-appointed panel this year recommended the government cut its stake in state lenders to below 50 per cent.