Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on Sunday ruled out a military assault on Fallujah, saying he wanted to spare the city more carnage and give Sunni Muslim tribesmen time to expel al Qaeda-linked fighters.
“We want to end the presence of those militants without any bloodshed because the people of Fallujah have suffered a lot,” he told Reuters in an interview in Baghdad, referring to the devastating assaults by U.S. forces to evict insurgents in 2004.
Fighters of the al Qaeda-affiliated Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and their tribal allies took over Fallujah and parts of the nearby city of Ramadi nearly two weeks ago at a time of Sunni anger with the Shi’ite-led government, stirred by a bloody raid to arrest a Sunni politician in Ramadi.
Maliki said he had reassured fearful residents of Fallujah that the army would not attack, but told them that they must take the city back from the militants who overran it on January 1.
“There is a good response from Fallujah’s sons and tribes,” the Iraqi leader said. “We do not care how long this takes.”
Iraqi security forces and tribesmen hostile to ISIL last week regained control of Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, which borders Syria. Maliki said the army would maintain its encirclement of Fallujah, 70 km (44 miles) west of Baghdad, to stop militants using it as a base for attacks. “The important thing is not to attack the city and kill innocent people because of those criminals.” At least 60 civilians and tribal fighters have been killed and nearly 300 wounded in Fallujah and Ramadi in the past two weeks, according to health officials. No casualty figures were available for militants or members of the Iraqi armed forces. US officials have urged Maliki’s government to adopt a restrained approach to the Fallujah crisis, while encouraging it to address Sunni grievances that al Qaeda has exploited, pursue reconciliation and embrace a more inclusive politics.
Two years after it pulled all U.S. troops from Iraq, the United States is working to speed up shipments of Hellfire missiles, surveillance aircraft and other gear requested by Maliki to help Iraqi forces rebuff ISIL’s comeback in Anbar.
Maliki said Washington had also shared intelligence information and satellite imagery of ISIL camps near the border with Syria in the Sunni-dominated desert province.
Officials in Baghdad have blamed Iraq’s slide back into violence on the conflict in Syria, which has inflamed sectarian tensions and fuelled instability across the region.
According to the United Nations, 8,868 people were killed in Iraq in 2013, the highest toll for five years.