With the conflicts in Syria and Iraq becoming increasingly intertwined against the same extremist group, President Barack Obama moved on Thursday to ratchet up US efforts to strengthen more moderate Syrian rebels.
Obama’s request to Congress for USD 500 million in training and arms to the opposition in effect opens a second front in the fight against militants spilling over Syria’s border and threatening to overwhelm neighboring Iraq. The train-and-equip mission would be overseen by the Pentagon and would mark a significant expansion of previous covert effort to arm the more moderate rebels who are fighting both the extremists and forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad.
Obama has long been reluctant to arm the opposition, in part because of concerns that weapons may fall into extremist hands. But administration officials say the US has grown increasingly confident in recent months about its ability to distinguish the moderate rebels from the more extremist elements that include the al Qaeda-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIS, which has stormed into Iraq and captured much of the northern part of the country.
The risk of US weapons and ammunition falling into the wrong hands appears to have only heightened now that ISIS has strengthened. But Obama’s request to Congress on Thursday appeared to indicate that tackling the crumbling security situation in Syria and Iraq trumped those concerns.
White House spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said the military assistance “marks another step toward helping the Syrian people defend themselves against regime attacks, push back against the growing number of extremists like ISIS who find safe haven in the chaos, and take their future into their own hands by enhancing security and stability at local levels.”
The Syria program is part of a broader USD 65.8 billion overseas operations request that the administration sent to Capitol Hill on Thursday. The package includes USD 1 billion to help stabilize nations bordering Syria that are struggling with the effects of the civil war. It also formalises a request for a previously announced USD 1 billion to strengthen the US military presence in Central and Eastern Europe amid Russia’s threatening moves in Ukraine.
The President’s cautious approach to Syria has come under increased criticism as the civil war, now in its fourth year, spills across the border into Iraq, with White House opponents arguing that Obama’s reluctance to arm the rebels gave ISIS the space to strengthen.
Like the more moderate Syrian rebels, ISIS is seeking to push Assad from power. The group seeks to carve out a purist Islamic enclave across both sides of the Syria-Iraq border.
With ISIS gaining strength, US officials say Assad’s forces launched airstrikes on extremist targets inside Iraq on Monday. The US is also weighing targeted strikes against ISIS in Iraq, creating an odd alignment with one of Washington’s biggest foes.