Gender inequality in India is a multifaceted issue that concerns men and women alike. It refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals wholly or partly due to their gender. It arises from differences in gender roles. Gender inequalities, and its social causes, impact India’s sex ratio, women’s health over their lifetimes, their educational attainment, and economic conditions. Some argue that some gender equality measures, place men at a disadvantage. However, when India’s population is examined as a whole, women are at a disadvantage in several important ways. In India, discriminatory attitudes towards either sex have existed for generations and affect the lives of both sexes. Although the constitution of India has granted men and women equal rights, gender disparity still remains.
India’s Daughter is a powerful and sensitive documentary that is part of a global campaign against rape, violence against women, and gender inequality. It explores the life and dreams of an extraordinary young woman, brutally ended. The tension between her story and the outrageously reactionary social attitudes expressed on camera gives the documentary its power. The government’s ban has no leg, social, moral, or legal, to stand on. It takes a special political talent and habit of mind to ban something that you haven’t seen, that the rest of the world will not just see but is set to centre-stage as part of a global campaign against rape, other forms of violence against women, and gender inequality.
Political reforms are needed so that more women can enter legislatures and positions of power. This region has produced a number of women Presidents and Prime Ministers. More women in power at every level will ensure that women’s needs get higher priority than they currently do. The gender gap is the difference between women and men as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes. The Global Gender Gap Index aims to measure this gap in four key areas: health, education, economics and politics. So the gap in economics, for example, is the difference between men and women when it comes to salaries, the number of leaders and participation in the workplace.
In India women are the main target for eve teasing, molestation, rape, acid throwing, ragging and honour killing and that is unbecoming of a country where women are most respected in a society. A new study has found that nine in 10 women have suffered some form of sexual discrimination at the work place, which is alarming and India is not an exception to this. The researchers at the Michigan University found that 10 per cent of the women surveyed had experience the most severe form of harassment, in which they were promised promotion or better treatment. Do you see or know someone who needs help? A woman, who is probably not as lucky as you? Lend her a hand, help her out. If that’s not feasible, because you know a lot of such women are just not ready to come out of the situation, then lend them a shoulder or an ear.
The differences between women and men, especially as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes. Due to this methodology, gender gaps that favour women over men are reported as equality, for example the life expectancy of women being longer than men in a country would not cause deficits of equality in other areas to become less visible in the score. A report by the World Economic Forum shows the global gender gap widened this year for the first time since it began measuring. It is time to narrow the gap.
(The views expressed by the author in the article are his/her own.)