Even after 71 years of independence of India, we are still fighting with malnutrition and starvation like situations. There are thousands of people in the country, who are deprived of even 125 gm of whole grain per day. Low intake of whole grains is causing deaths and diseases in India. In every 1 lakh people, 310 persons die of poor diet in India annually. India ranked 118th in the world in diet-related deaths. These facts are disclosed by a Lancet study. The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
According to study, China ranked 140th, with 350 deaths per 100,000 people, while the UK ranked 23rd (127 deaths per 100,000), and the US ranked 43rd (171 deaths per 100,000) after Rwanda and Nigeria 41st and 42nd respectively. In 2017, the countries with the lowest rates of diet-related deaths were Israel, France, Spain, Japan, and Andorra. In 2017, an estimated 11 million deaths were attributable to poor diet. Diets high in sodium, low in whole grains, and low in fruit together accounted for more than half of all diet-related deaths globally in 2017.
The causes of these deaths included 10 million deaths from cardiovascular disease, 913,000 cancer deaths, and almost 339,000 deaths from type 2-diabetes. Deaths related to diet have increased from 8 million in 1990.
Globally one in every five people dies due to the lack of optimal amounts of food and nutrients on their plates. The report, which tracked trends in consumption of 15 dietary factors from 1990 to 2017 in 195 countries, showed that almost every region of the world could benefit from rebalancing their diets.
In 2017, more deaths were caused by diets with too low amounts of foods such as whole grains, fruit, nuts, and seeds than by diets with high levels of foods like trans-fats, sugary drinks, and high levels of red and processed meats.
Low intake of whole grains “ below 125 gm per day” was the leading dietary risk factor for death and disease in India, the US, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Russia, Egypt, Germany, Iran, and Turkey. In Bangladesh, low intake of fruits “below 250 gm per day” was the leading dietary risk.