Blue dyed stray dogs have been garnering headlines after Navi Mumbai Animal Protection Cell had clicked photos of these animals and posted them on social media. The group filed a complaint with the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB), saying animals in the area were suffering because dyes were being released directly into Kasadi river by industrial units. The area has nearly 1,000 pharmaceutical, food, and engineering factories. Environmentalists are worried that pollutant industrial water will adversely affect marine lives in the satellite city.
In August 2016, fishermen were concerned that the polluted river water was affecting the stock of fish. They collected samples from the discharge of the common effluent treatment plant, which 300 industrial units use to treat their waste.
A water quality test at Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation found the waste treatment was inadequate. The levels of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) – the concentration of oxygen required to sustain aquatic life – was 80 milligram per liter (mg/L). Levels of chloride, which is toxic harms vegetation, aquatic life, and wildlife, were also high. The vegetables grown in those areas have typical colour shades than the usually grown vegetables.
Those stray dogs were often found wading into the river water containing industrial waste over a period of time are becoming blue and weak. They are suffering with diseases, sometimes they tend to get weak.
Jayavant Hajare, sub-regional officer, MPCB Navi Mumbai said, “We have asked the factory to dispose the dye instantly. We have given the company seven days to clear pollutants from the site. If they fail to dispose dye then we will issue a notice to them. We have cautioned the company owners to ensure no animals should enter in close proximity.”
“Allowing the discharge of dye into any water body is illegal. We will take action against the polluters as they are destroying the environment,” said Anil Mohekar, regional officer, MPCB, Navi Mumbai. He added, “We have directed our sub-regional officer to investigate this matter.”
Several industries are located in the Navi Mumbai Industrial area which includes nearly 1,000 pharmaceutical, food and engineering factories. Reportedly, the industrial waste ejecting out of the factories increased the pollution levels by 13 times the safe limits in the Kasadi River.
Local fisherman Gangaram Koli told AV, “We have been frequently filing complaints with MPCB over rising water pollution and they tried to reduce the chemical stink at Kasadi. However, the pollution levels continue to be tremendously high and dissolved oxygen is negligible.”
“It is difficult to breathe at times; you will find most of the people in these areas having breathing issues and eye disorders. The government should take action against erring industry outlets,” he added.
Another resident under the condition of anonymity said, “My husband is a fisher man and my brothers work in these industries. If we file complaint against the firm then my brother may become unemployed. Pollutant water will not only affect dogs but birds, reptiles, and other creatures too. Earlier many fishes died owing to the dye discharged into the water and air. This has become a danger zone, but industrial lobby is very strong. They use money and muscle powers by bribing authorities. This news will be read today and forgotten tomorrow. No one cares for the poor.”