Ambedkar Jayanti also known as Bhim Ji Jayanti is celebrated by the people of India with great sense of happiness, devotion and dedication to remember and to pay respect to the one of the most qualified leaders of India for his selfless contribution towards the poor, rejected, neglected, downtrodden and boycotted people of India. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar – the father of the Indian Constitution and great human rights activists was born on 14 April 1891.
Ambedkar established the “Bahishkrit Hitkarni Sabha” in 1923 to spread the necessity of education as well as enhancing the economic and social status of Dalits of India. He initiated a movement for the people using the slogan “Eradicate-Agitate-Organise” with an aim to eradicate the casteism systems from India and rebuilding the Indian society by following the rule of equality of human beings.
He also lead a march in 1927 at Mahad, Maharashtra to establish the equal rights for the untouchable people of India who were not allowed to even touch or taste the water of “Public Chawdar Lake”. He has been marked in the history of India for starting the social movements like anti-caste, anti-priest and temple free movements.
He led the temple entry movement in 1930 at Kalam Temple, Nashik, Maharashtra for the human rights and political justice. He said that the political power is not the only way to solve all the problems of the depressed class people; they should get the equal right in every fields of the society. He was seriously and deeply involved in making legal changes in the Constitution to protect the rights of lower class people during his Membership of Viceroy’s Executive Council in 1942.
He contributed immensely by protecting the Fundamental Rights (for the social freedom, equality and eradication of untouchability for Dalits) and Directive Principles (enhancing the living standard by securing the fair distribution of wealth) of the State Policy in Indian Constitution. He kept his social revolution on till the end of his life. He was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in April 1990 for his greatest contributions towards the betterment of India.
This festival is celebrated with great passion across the nation including Banaras, Delhi and other big cities. In Banaras – to celebrate this day, various types of programmes like painting, general knowledge quiz competition, debate, dance, essay writing competition, symposium, sports, and drama are organised by the Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti Samaroh Samiti in Kutchehri areas. Apart from this, free health check-up camps are also organised at many places in order to provide free check-up up and medicine to the poor and needy people.
The United Nations celebrated Ambedkar Jayanti in 2016, 2017 and in 2018. Indian Post issued stamps dedicated to Ambedkar’s birthday in 1966, 1973, 1991, 201, and in 2013 as well as featured him on other stamps in 2009, 2015, 2016 and in 2017. Government of India issued 10 Rupees and 125 Rupees coins in 2016 to mark the 125th Birth Anniversary to honour him. A Google Doodle was published for Ambedkar’s 124th birthday. Twitter launched Dr Ambedkar emoji as a tribute to the legend in 2017 on the occasion of Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti.