Women play a key role in the development of a country. But unfortunately in India, violence against them is seen in all parts of the country and it is growing in large numbers day by day. Our societies are male dominated and gender equality has become an elusive goal. Although, women are working in all professions, ranging from medical, education, industries, media, defense, judiciary, to politics but a large part of our society is reluctant to accept them as equal to men. It is also interesting to note that several international and local organizations are working for women’s right and various countries are rendering women protection laws; yet inadequate implementation makes them weaker and vulnerable part of the society.
In the world of men, women are always considered as a weak entity and always subjected to violence. Understanding violence against women is as complex as the concept itself that manifests in many ways that may be physical or psychological. The question arises as to why hasn’t society risen from an ignorant state of existence to a high one where women are looked at as fellow human beings who can experience an equal degree of happiness, pain, humiliation, anger, etc. According to experts, the reason why violence against women is still on the rise even after Independence is that the behaviour of an individual human being is shaped by the social environment. Development is a result of interaction at various levels of social organization that include personal societal and cultural factors where the person lives. Acid attacks often occur as a revenge against women who rejects a proposal of marriage or some other reason.
There are many factors by which violence against women is increasing; for example, poverty, illiteracy and social taboos. We can solve these problems by educating our sons. Media has a great influence in our society; we can spread this social awareness through the media. And our government has a responsibility to offer protection to women and frame strict policies against any violence against them. A working woman works harder to learn a new skill because she has more duties to perform than her husband such as the responsibility of the family and job compulsions. The rate of abuse women suffer in India is even higher than those in most countries of the world. The government should provide it a cover through strong laws and regulations. Considering only one third of the total domestic violence cases are reported in the country, it is equally important to increase this figure also and encourage reporting incidents of any abuse in the household.
Domestic violence is a preventable problem that needs to be addressed as soon as possible. It can be prevented if more bills in the assemblies are passed for the protection of women. Exemplary punishment should be inflicted on the abusers and it must be made obligatory for every individual to stand against the abuse. For the empowerment of women, there is a further need to spread awareness individually and socially and to induce more steps for securing women rights on both institutional and political forums.