The story starts with the imagination of animals being personified as human beings who are alcoholic, greedy, power seeker, hate monger, lusty, lunatic, dependent on pensions and are tired of oppression by the human race in the same extreme way we are tired of our own race. As a reader you get the freedom to draw similarities between these animals and human beings, as in the beginning of the story all the animals were united and then comes the ruler, who for the sake of power feeds war, religions, castes, regions, discrimination, groupism, and favouritism among his peers which is a stark reality of our society and these are prevalent now.
However, this is not just a story about a bunch of animals who revolt against their human masters, rather it is a story about every revolution, every political war, every leader who claim to bring the change in the society, every leader who claim to be the saviour, that others have been unwilling to do. It presents the human greed and lust for power as the end all and all end for those who desire it and the submission of rights and privileges by those who choose to follow and accept it in hope of a better tomorrow in a classic way.
Eventually each and every revolution seems to start with a genuine and heartfelt need for change led by seemingly genuine and empathetic leaders who give up every bit of their soul for the betterment of the society at large and yet end up either failing miserably leading to even greater miseries or ending with the success of the revolution and replacement of one tyrant with another one who seems to be even more cruel and gruesome.
Furthermore, it is interesting to know that the book that attacked the Stalinism prevailing in Russia was first published in 1945, but finds enough relevance in contemporary world. It rants the power that corrupts the political system by bringing similar situations as we face in real world in a fancy symbolism.
Orwell’s deep mistrust of political power comes shining through in this book. The book is a critical look at the people who wants other people to keep down or their own personal benefit. It doesn’t have a happy ending rather it ends with asking question to its readers that how devastating the state affairs can be under a totalitarian government.