Speaking against 1994 Parliamentary Resolution, Dr. Farooq Abdullah said that PoK is not the part of India. As he believes, that part (PoK) will remain with Pakistan and this part of Kashmir (J&K) is with India. Practically, it is not possible to keep PoK with India. We have fought three wars with Pakistan, but could not regain PoK from them. He also expressed stating that we Indians need to be practical. The then PM, Atal Bihari Vajpayee told him that when he visited Pakistan, he gave the suggestion that Pakistan should keep PoK, but they did not agree. However, if we resume talks with Pakistan again, then they are ready on this formula.
It was only in February 1994 that the Indian State acted as a genuine and self-respecting nation. As a matter of fact, both Houses of Parliament on February 22, adopted a unanimous resolution on Jammu & Kashmir. The historic resolution was moved by the presiding officers and adopted unanimously by the two Houses. It has neither been rescinded nor amended so far. It was not a resolution but the national resolve of a committed nation.
Pakistan, which says again and again that Jammu & Kashmir is an “unfinished agenda of partition”, has been bleeding India with a thousand-cut almost at regular intervals to promote its rabidly anti-India agenda and annex this part of Jammu & Kashmir. It has been claiming that since Jammu & Kashmir was a Muslim-majority State, it should have become a part of Pakistan which was created on the basis of two-nation theory on August 14, 1947, withholding the truth that Jammu & Kashmir was a Princely State and not part of British India which had to be divided into two independent and sovereign states – India and Muslim Pakistan.
In 1947, Pakistan invaded Jammu & Kashmir and unlawfully occupied its lands, such as the so-called Azad Kashmir and strategic Gilgit-Baltistan region after rape, murder and looting. When the Indian Army was about to expel the Pakistani regulars and irregulars from the occupied areas, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and National Conference president and Jammu & Kashmir Wazir-e-Azam Sheikh Abdullah enforced a ceasefire, thus directly helping Pakistan consolidate its position in the occupied areas. Pakistan continues to maintain its hold over these areas and uses them for producing and exporting terror to India. Pakistan again tried to annex this part of the state in 1965 and 1971, but suffered humiliating defeats at the hands of the chivalrous, brave and committed Indian Army. Pakistan made a fourth attempt to annex this part of Jammu & Kashmir in the late 1980s. In fact, it unleashed a low-intensity proxy war and in no time secessionist violence gripped the Kashmir Valley and other parts of the state, especially the areas adjoining the Kashmir Valley, the main trouble spot. Pakistan-sponsored and indoctrinated terrorists and mercenaries played havoc with the people of Jammu & Kashmir. The orgy of death and destruction affected all sections of the society. Ironically, the Congress leadership of the time, which had no clear-cut stand on Jammu & Kashmir, converted the spectacular Indian victories on the battlefield into humiliating defeats on the negotiating table, thus outraging the sensitivities of the nation and paying scant respect to the supreme sacrifices the Indian Army had made while fighting splendidly against the Pakistani Army.
The minority of Kashmiri Pandits were the worst sufferer. In fact, fanatics, separatists and ardent believers in the concept of two-nation created an environment that left the minority community with no other option but to quit their native habitat in early 1990 and become refugees in their own motherland.
Recently, after BJP came to power people thought that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is going to change or relax the resolution passed by Parliament in 1994 to facilitate talks with Hurriyat Conference or Pakistan for resolution of Kashmir. PoK is part of the greater Kashmir region, which is the subject of a long-running conflict between India and Pakistan. The territory shares a border with Gilgit–Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as “Pakistan-administered Kashmir. The territory also borders Pakistan’s Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, PoK is separated from Jammu and Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. PoK has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), with an estimated population of around 4.6 million people. The territory has a parliamentary form of government, with its capital located at Muzaffarabad. PoK has its own Supreme Court and a High Court, while the Government of Pakistan’s Ministry of Kashmir Affairs serves as a link between it and PoK’s government. Neither PoK nor Gilgit-Baltistan elects members to Pakistan’s National Assembly.
Inputs from Agencies